The Egyptian capital Cairo or el-Qahira, Arabic: , al ,Mir, in the dialect of Mayr, is located in Lower Egypt on the eastern side of the Nile, about 20 km south of where the North is located the ildelta. With an estimated population of around nine and a half million, it is the largest city in Egypt. The metropolitan area of Greater Cairo, which includes neighboring El-Gīza on the western banks of the Nile and the city of Schubrā el-Cheima north of Cairo, has a population of about 20 million and is the largest in Africa and the thirteenth largest in the world.
|Cairo ・ ، ه |
Cairo ・ Le Caire
|no tourist information on Wikidata:|
Many Islamic and modern testimonies tell of their more than 1000 years of history, the Islamic Old Town is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. But Cairo is not only the country's political center, but also its cultural and economic center. The city is one of the most important museums of ancient Egyptian history and culture. In its immediate vicinity, there are important monuments dating back to the period of the Old Empire, including the pyramid fields of the Memphian necropolis (Gīza, Saqqāra, etc.).
The following is an overview of the city of Cairo itself, which is on the Nile East side. Further details can be found in the local articles. The neighboring cities such as el-Gīza on the Nile-West, Schubra el-Cheima in the north of Cairo, el-Maadi in the south of Cairo, Neu-Cairo east of Cairo and the Pyramidenfeld of Gīza, which belong to Greater Cairo, are described in separate articles. A rough division of Cairo into suburban areas with their neighborhoods is shown in the table below. Important suburbs and sights are mentioned here to make your orientation easier.
The second-level subdivisions are the administrative structure. It is often much too rough for orientation, so the locals often divide it further. Since many districts are more or less large residential areas with relatively few tourist attractions, most of the districts are to be covered in a district article.
- Tahrir Square, - , Mīdān at-Taḥrīr, with the Egyptian Museum
- ĀĀ nʿ(
- Garden () ()
- Gezīra (ز al , Gazīra)
- Zamalek (ز ( , az-Zamālik)
- El bekiĭ (Ezæ Ezĭal-Azbakīya
- Ramsis ( )
- El-Muski ( al-, Mūskī)
- Atabĭ a ( al-ʿAtaba), Harat Zuweila, Museum of Islamic Art
- Baria Shariya Shariya Shariya's Shariya Shah'rīya)
- es-Zeinab (Zeinab) () Saiyida Zainab (, as Saiyida as Saiyida Zainab يّ))
- El -( -, therefore هaaĭ-)
- Sakakini ini ( ,as Sakākīnī) )
- Babylon with the Coptic Museum
- He married ز Manial, he married Ǧ azīar-Rūa.
- El-Fustat ( ط, al Fus)
- FRUIT Chalet خج
- Babluge Darag Darag (born ) ) authentic authentic authentic authentic authentic.
old Islamic town
- Gamaliya (al , al-Ǧ amālīya)
- Bab ab Nasr/Bāb-Naĭ-/Bāb-NaEnglish r
- Bab el Futūuh -al-Futū(al-al-Bāb Futū)
- ChiliChalilin Chān خ al-al-Chān-Chalīlī)
- Imāel-usein is an authentic aged, aged إ, al-Imām al-usain)
- Schari' el-Gamaliya
- Schari' el-Muizz li-Din Allah, northern part
- Darb el-Ah(), ad darb al-aḥ(ad-darb al-aḥmar)
- El Azhar ( Azhar al-Azhar ز)
- Ghuriya ( al , Ghūīya)
- Schari' el-Muizz li-Din Allah, south
- Bab elChalq is aBab.
- Bab ZuWEILA ( , Bāb Zūwaila).
- Northern City City (authentic) authentic authentic authentic authentic authentic authentic authentic authentic authentic authentic authentic authentic authentic authentic authentic authentic authentic.
- Harat er-Rum
- Chalifa a خ ( al , Chalīfa)
- El-Qal'a a the citadelas
- southern town
- Muqattam Mountains Ǧ Mountain-Muqattam ط) ).
- El-Muqattam-Al al-Muqatu al-Muqatu طّ (al-Muqadisu am)
North and North-East Cairo
- Bula, Būlāq (Būlāq Būlāq) incl. Maspero,)
- Rud el Farag ( ج Rūal-Faraǧ)
- Es Sagil (as -Sāǧ il)
- Schubra ( Schubrā)
- Esch-abiĭ- (, Shāb Shah Shah Shah Shah'rabīya)
- Eawiya el Hamra ( Zahra -ز) , ء incorporating artificial vision, az-Zāwiya al--amrāʾ)
- Qobo ba (adāʾ iq al-Qubba)
- Ez Zeitun -ز ( , az-Zaitūn)
- El Mataria El-Matariĭط al-Mamacaw arīya)
- 'Ain in Schams ( , ʿAin Schams)
- El Marg ǧ ج
- El -Weili ( al-Wāilī ) El-)
- El-Abĭ ( al-ʿ Abbāsīya)
- Heliopolis ( al-ǧ Miĭ-
- Nuzhaز, En-Nuzha.
- Nasr City (Madīnat, nat)
Cairo is a young city in Egypt, and it has no immediate predecessor from the PHARAonian era. In the south of today's city was the rich capital of the Old Kingdom, Memphis and its necropolis. In the northeast was the capital of the thirteenth Egyptian Gaus, Heliopolis. In the present part of Matariya, the Obelisk is the temple of Sesostris I. and some graves from that time. The nearby quarries (Gebel-Ahmar, Muqattam) were exploited for their quartz.
It is believed that the first settlement under the Persians was built in today's Old Cairo, which was later extended under the Roman Emperor Augustus to the Roman fortress of Babylon. 42 churches, towers and bastions, some of which are still preserved today, testify to the size of the immense castle.
In 641 this fortress was conquered by the army of the Amr ibn el-Ace. From here his army could also conquer Alexandria. In the northeast of the fortress, in El-Fustat, its army camp was set up.
From 750 onwards, the Abbasid rulers of Baghdad took control of the history of Cairo. But their influence is diminishing, so Governor Ibn Tulun can become independent. in direct proximity to el-Fustat, it shall establish its head office el-Qatai; the city achieved a first upswing. In the first half of the 10th century, the caliphate of Baghdad was completely dissolved.
In 1969 Cairo was again conquered: Coming from Morocco, the Fatimides, a Shiite tribe, conquered the whole of North Africa. Cairo (Arabic: , al-Qāhira ), as they called it, should become their most important city foundation. The city is located north of El Fustat in the area of today's El Azhar mosque. During their time, many important buildings were built in the Islamic Old Town. Important buildings include the El Azhar Mosque (970) and the city wall with its famous gates Bab el-Futuh, Bab en-Nasr and Bab Zuweila.
Also el-fustat evolved. Until the turn of the century, this city became one of the largest known cities with about half a million inhabitants. In 1168, the Crusaders approached Cairo. In order not to leave this city to them, el-Fustat was burned by its inhabitants, few remains and the Ibn Amr Mosque announce of this time. El-Fustat was never resettled later.
The economic decline at the end of Fatimides' rule and the turmoil of war with the Crusaders once again called Baghdad: They sent the famous Feldaliad-Dīn (Salaliadin) to make order. But he is now creating his own dynasty, the Ayyubiden. A massive construction program (mosques, citadel) is being carried out; the Shia orientation of Islam is replaced by the Sunni one.
The military security was seized by slaves, the mammoth. Its military elite strengthened and formed a state in the state. The death of the last Ayyibide ruler, Salih, in 1250, they used to seize power for themselves. Their demonstration of power was also carried out in stone. Despite their internal power struggles, they are able to transform Cairo into the religious center of the Islamic world, they are being conquered in many Arab countries, they have been able to resist the mongolian rush and trade with China and India.
But they fail to roll back the Ottoman armed forces in 1517. The victorious Ottomans hanged the last Mameluk ruler Tuman Bey and killed his followers. Their reign lasts until the 18th century. Egypt, as an Ottoman province, is losing its political influence. The political situation is subsequently characterized by a kind of coexistence: The often bloodthirsty rulers (Pashas) used by Constantinople must share their power with the never-fully signed mammoth.
A new era begins with Napoleon's attempt to conquer Egypt in 1798. He is not able to do so permanently, three years later he is being driven out by British troops. Cairo is regaining Ottoman rule. The Muhammed Ali, appointed in 1805, succeeds in an astonishing result: In 1811, he ended the mammoth's claim to power in a cruel slaughter. It introduces numerous technical innovations and achieves a high degree of independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1839. His successor, Ismail Pascha, continues his work successfully. Cairo is expanding. Today's city center develops under French and British influence and the Suez Canal is inaugurated.
Large foreign loans are forcing Egypt into debt, followed by political influence with the British conquest of Egypt in 1882. Egypt remained formally a province of the Ottoman Empire. Only in 1914 will Egypt become a British protectorate. British dominance is leading to an economic boom in Cairo and Alexandria metropolises. A new construction boom is beginning and in its "windshade" also a cultural upswing.
As a result of World War II, efforts to achieve Egypt's independence are now being deployed. Anti-British unrest from 1919 - the Egyptian nationalist Saad Zaghlul will become a key figure - will force (formal) independence from Britain in 1922. From now on, the kings of Britain and Egypt (Fuad I, Faruk) rule.
The coup of free officers under Mohamed Naguib and Gamal Abd el-Nasser against King Faruk in 1952 marks the beginning of modern times. The policy was based on the Soviet Union's social system: economic decline and excessive bureaucracy stand in the way of the economic equality of its inhabitants.
The nationalization of the Suez Canal in 1956 brings Egypt to the brink of war. The British and French are withdrawing from strong international (Soviet) pressure. Egypt's advocacy of Palestine against Israel is also becoming a fiasco. Nasser suffered a severe defeat in the Six Days War in 1967 and the Sinai was occupied. The partial victories of the Egyptian army in the Sinai war in 1973 strengthen Egypt's self-esteem and lay the basis for the 1979 Israeli-Egyptian peace agreement.
Since the establishment of el-Fusin the middle of the 7th century, the Egyptian capital has been located here or in later Cairo. At the Egypt Economic Development Conference (EEDC) in March 2015 in Sharm el-Sheik, the idea was presented to move the capital, with all administrative facilities and embassies, to a new, hitherto nameless city, about halfway between Cairo and the Suez Canal. The city is expected to be completed in seven to 15 years, cost about 50 to 75 billion euros and will become home for 5 million inhabitants.
For a long time, the territory of Cairo remained limited to the territory of the Islamic Old Town; Cairo had a population of around 200,000 until the beginning of the 19th century. The waves of modernization under Mohammed Ali and the British protectorate are leading to rapid industrialization and population growth. At the end of the nineteenth century and the beginning of the twentieth century, more wealthy sections of the population settle in what were then more or less remote suburbs: the city center, Heliopolis and Ma'adi. The city expanded more and more - mainly north and west. the Moqattam Mountains in the south represents a natural barrier against further expansion - and integrates its suburbs. Cairo is getting a modern, European style. The extension didn't stop in front of the Nile. The Nile Islands and the West Bank were populated. The increase in population to Cairo is not stopping today either; the construction of faraway trabant towns does not help. The emergence of large slums is the sad consequence.
Cairo, the Islamic Old Town today, is named after the Fatimides: el-Qāhira (Arabic: ه , "the conqueror, the ". the often-mentioned translation "the victorious" does not quite really matter).
|Abu Simbel||1264 km|
|Port Said||220 km|
|Sharm esch-Sheik||772 km|
Cairo can be accessed via 3 Cairo International Airport (IATA: CAI) to the northeast of Cairo, north-east of Heliopolis. In addition to the national airline EgyptAir, it is served by well-known international airlines such as Lufthansa, British Airways, Air France and many charter airlines.
Note that the airport has three terminals a few miles away. Most international flights and many domestic flights now operate via the new Terminal 3. Visitors must pay for Terminal LE 5 entrance.
Terminal 1 used to serve domestic flights, Terminal 2 used to serve international flights. But there is no longer any rule. Let your airline name the right terminal. Domestic flights include Alexandria, Aswan, Luxor, Charga, Abu Simbel, Taba, Sharm el Sheik and Hurghada. Further connections to holiday resorts on the Red and Mediterranean Sea will follow. Terminal 2 has been closed for renovation since 2010, and its flights are now operated at Terminal 1.
A free shuttle runs every half an hour between the terminals. There is also a shuttle bus to the car park and the bus stop at Terminal 2.
Close to the airport hotels are the 1 Novotel Cairo Airport Hotel and the Passage Heliopolis Hotel in the district of Heliopolis.
The visa can be purchased at the bank counters before passport control and costs USD 25 (as of 11/2014). You should have the money as well as possible. The change is usually paid in Egyptian pounds.
Before checking the passport, usually on the aircraft, an entry card must be filled in.
It is now forbidden for tour operators to receive their guests before checking their passport. You have to do everything yourself, but you can certainly ask other travelers. If you don't know how to do this or want to avoid the formalities, you can rely on the Airport Exclusive Service:
- Airport Exclusive Service. Tel: +20 16708, e-mail: [email protected]. The service is available 24 hours a day but costs $50.
A similar service is also available in case of departure formalities.
You can already buy goods from the duty-free shop at the airport, the quantities for selected products are 4 bottles of alcohol, 4 bars of cigarettes and 8 bottles of perfume. There are also duty-free shops in Cairo itself, where you can still buy duty-free until 48 hours after entry, but alcohol and cigarettes are limited to three units each. The purchase in the duty-free shops will be recorded in the passport.
You can reach the city center and other destinations by taxi. The city center should cost about LE 50 plus airport charges (about LE 5) for a simple taxi. The fare should be negotiated beforehand, as should the currency LE and not the dollar or euro. If not, arguments are preprogrammed when the exit is made. At night fares below LE 100 are barely negotiable.
Many taxi drivers will take you to the right terminal if you want to go to the airport and tell you your destination.
There are also various limousine services that offer rides in higher cars. Prices depend on the type of vehicle and the destination, for example for transfers to the airport hotels LE 45-65, Heliopolis, Nasr City LE 60-110, to the city center LE 80-155, Mohandisin, Doqqi and Zamalik LE 90-165, to Maādī New Cairo LE 100-200 and the 6th of October City LE 160-350. The current prices can be found on flyers and posters.
The airport shuttles are also half an hour away to Heliopolis, Nasr City, the city center, Mohansen, Maadi; The prices are between LE 25 and LE 45. Minibuses can also be booked in advance via Cairo Airport Shuttle Bus.
- Cairo Airport Shuttle Bus. Tel: +20 19970, e-mail: [email protected].
There are also public buses, such as 949 to the Central Station, Midan Tahrir and Giza; The price is only LE 2. The buses run less frequently from the Terminal 2 car park than from the bus station in front of Terminal 1 and not at all at night. The bus station is about 300 m in front of Terminal 1, buses run all the time, at night every 45 minutes.
You can also take a Super-Jet and Western Delta overland bus directly from Cairo airport to Alexandria; the fare is between LE 25 and LE 31. Super-Jet also offers other destinations.
Cairo can be reached via its 2main railway station on Mīdān Ramsīs in the city center. At the station you will find the Al Shohadaa metro stop.
Railway connections from Egyptian National Railways are south to Luxor, Edfu and Assuan, north to anā and north to Alexandria to Ismailia. Prices are low even in the first class. You can reach the train station by phone: (0)2 2579 0767.
In the morning, evening and early night hours in particular, there are relatively many trains, while in the afternoon there are few trains.
There are express trains that do not stop at all subway stations and slower regional trains that stop at (almost) all train stations. However, the choice of train stations varies from one country to another. Please check the (Arabic) outfits.
It is quite possible that you will not receive a ticket or a reservation to a smaller subway station. In this case, select the next major following station as your destination and get off at your destination station. Ticket sellers usually understand English.
Trains to Aswan
Trains from and to Aswan (879 km from Cairo) stop or travel on platforms 8-11. The ticket sales office at Cairo station for these trains is located north-west of these platforms. All trains to Aswan stop in Qinā, Luxor (from Cairo 671 km) and Edfu, mostly also in Nag Hammadi, Esna and Kom Ombo. Trains to Luxor and Sohag stop in el-Minyā and Asyūĭ. Many trains to Aswan stop at all subway stations between Asyūan and Aswan. The official journey time for fast and sleeping car trains is 13 hours. However, delays are the order of the day.
It should be checked in advance whether the trains are already departing from the Cairo Central Station or from the station in el-Gīza.
List of high-speed trains (in brackets at destination stations): 00:30 am (Aswan), 01:10 am (Aswan), 06:00 am (Minyā), 07:00 am (Asyut), 07:40 am (Assuan), 09:15 am (Asyū), 10:110 am (or), 11 14:00 (Aswan), 14:00 (Sōhāg), 14:10 (Luxor), 15:35 (Aswan), 15:45 (Aswan), 16:00 (Sōhāg), 17:50 (Asyūserving), 1 8:45 (Aswan), 19:00 (Aswan), 19:10 (Aswan), 19:45 (Aswan), 20:00 (Aswan), 20:30 (Aswan), 20:45 (Luxor), 21:0 00:00 (Aswan), 21:10 (Luxor, without stop), 21:45 (Aswan), 22:00 (Aswan), 22:10 (Aswan), 22:20 (Aswan), 22:30 (Aswan), 22:40 (Aswan), 22:50 (Qinā).
List of regional trains (in brackets at destination stations): 03:30 Sohāg, 05:00 (Minyā), 07:50 (Aswan), 17:15 (Asyūg), 23:00 (Luxor), 23:10 (Luxor), 23:30 (Aswan), 23:30 12:40 (Aswan).
The fares for the second class Aircon-Express (daytime) to Luxor are LE 120 and to Aswan LE 140 (as of 2017).
The Tourist Police recommend the choice of protected trains to Aswan at 00:30, 07:40 and 22:00. But there is no one in Cairo to stop you from choosing other trains. In addition, the "protected trains" do not stop at all subway stations. In Cairo, for security reasons, only the tickets of the luxury trains mentioned below are sold to foreigners at the counter for this route, which can be circumvented by disconnecting a ticket from the machine or asking an Egyptian to buy them (for a small Baksch).
Trains to Alexandria and Ismailia
The trains run or stop on the platforms 1 - 7.
Similar to the opposite direction, trains travel to Alexandria at 08:00, 09:00, 09:30, 11:00, 12:00, 14:00, 14:10, 15:00, 15:10, 16:0 17:00, 18:00, 19:00. 20:00, 22:00 and 22:30. Trains stop at Tanta at 09:30, 11:00, 12:00, 14:10, 15:10, 16:00, 17:00, 20:00, 22:00 and 22:30.
The ticket price from Cairo to Alexandria in the first and second class is LE 55 or LE 35.
Trains to Zaqāzīq and Ismailia leave at 06:30, 08:45, 11:30, 13:00, 14:30, 15:45, 18:30 and 22:00.
The Watania Sleeping Trains, formerly Egypt Abela Corp., run three times a day from Cairo/Gīza via Luxor to Aswan and vice versa. Breakfast is included in the price. The sales offices can be reached by telephone in Cairo at (0)2 2574 9274, (0)2 2574 9474, (0)2 2576 1954, by fax (0)2 2574 9074, (0)2 2 257 6 1319; in Alexandria, (0)3 393 2430, (0)3 497 6014 (telephone and fax); in Luxor (0)95 237 2015 (telephone and fax) and in Aswan (0)97 230 2124 (telephone only). An online booking is possible. Payment is made in dollars or euros when the tickets are delivered.
A special feature is the departure in Cairo. Only one train leaves Cairo, the other two from Gīza. The train station in Gīza can be reached by metro or taxi. The arrival of the trains from Aswan is at the Central Station in Cairo.
Cairo-Aswan: Train No 86 (20:30 Cairo, 06:30 Luxor, 9:55 Aswan), opposite train No 83 (16:00 Aswan, 19:40 Luxor, 5:25 Cairo), train No 85 (19:00 Aswan) Suan, 23:30 Luxor, 8:20 Cairo), train No. 87 (19:00 Aswan, 23:00 Luxor, 8:20 Cairo).
Gīza-Assuan: train No 84 (20:00 Gīza, 05:10 Luxor, 08:35 Aswan), train No 82 (21:35 Gīza, 07:00 Luxor, 10:30 Aswan).
The cost of a ticket for a person in a double compartment is $100 for foreigners, $120 for a person in a single compartment, and $85 for children aged 4 to 9 in a double compartment (as of 1/2015). The connection between Luxor and Aswan is $25.
The sleeping car trains to Alexandria (Muharram Bek Central Station) and Marsā Marūron Saturdays, Mondays and Wednesdays (No. 773), in the opposite direction on the following day (No. 774).
Flights are a useful alternative.
Cairo can be reached by long-distance bus from all major cities. These include Alexandria, Ismailia and Sinai, Beni Suef, the Faiyūm, the settlements in the Western desert, Minyā and Luxor. The fares are affordable and range between LE 10 and LE 50 depending on the duration of the trip.
The buses start their tour in various places in Cairo:
- 3 et-Turguman (in the Cairo Gateway Plaza, northeast of Sh. July 26, west of Sh. El-Mansuri) in the northwest of el-Ezbekiya. From here, most of the buses leave. Tel: +20 (0)2 2575 6333.
- 4 Aḥmī bus station (also Ahmed Helmy, north of the main station). For buses to Hurghada (from 8.00 a.m. and Sharm el-Sheik (1.00 p.m., 1.30 p.m., 2 a.m.), among others.
- 5 ʿAbūd (Arabic: in Schubra el-Cheima. From here, buses go to central Egypt (Faiyum, Beni Suef, Minya, Mallawi, Asyut, Sohag), among others. Tel: +20 (0)2 2202 5980
- 6 el-Munīb (Arabic: , under the Ring Road in el-Gīza,). Tel: +20 (0)2 3573 6700.
- 7 Mīdān ʿAbd el Munda in Riyān's Riyān mouths for buses and microbuses underneath and north of the 6th Oktoberbridge north of the Egyptian Museum.
- Sinai Station, Mīdān Abū Sīr (Arabic: و Buses with destinations in Sinai.
- Cairo Airport, departure of the more comfortable and faster SuperJet (West Delta Travel) buses with destinations all over Egypt.
Before leaving, please contact your travel office or the bus company (e.g. Upper Egypt Travel) where the buses operate. The bus stations are easily accessible by taxi.
Three bus companies share the objectives as follows:
- Upper Egypt Travel: All destinations south of Cairo including the Western Desert. Tel: (02) 2576 0261 (bus station et-Turguman).
- West Delta Travel: Destinations in the Nile Delta. Tel: (02) 576 5582, 575 9751 (bus station et-Turguman). West Delta Travel also operates the lines of the more comfortable and faster SuperJet buses, reservation also at (02) 2576 5582.
- East Delta Travel: destinations in Sinai. Tel: (02) 2576 2293, 2576 2273 (bus station et-Turguman).
Bus services also connect Cairo to neighboring countries. Jordan's bus company JETT operates two times a week to Amman, while the Saudi bus company SAPTCO operates daily services to Dammam, Jidadi, and Riyadh. There are also bus connections to Benghazi in Libya. The journey takes between 25 and 40 hours.
Minibuses operate to the suburbs of Cairo, to Beni Suef, to Faiyūm and to various places in the Nile delta.
On the street
You can reach all the places of Egypt via a relatively well developed road network. The roads are paved and sometimes have large cross-sections on the road to calm traffic. Alexandria can be reached either by the old route agricole or by the modern toll motorway. To the south, you have to take a long road that runs to Qinā on the western side of the Nile and later on the eastern side of the Nile.
The monasteries on the Red Sea are hard to reach by public transport. You will have to use a taxi from Cairo for this, the price is LE 600 in size for the whole tour.
Although the Nile is a transport route, it is hardly used for long-distance transport. The Nile Cruises between Cairo and Luxor, which were once popular, are no longer available. Most boats and ships are used for excursions. The most important line leads to the Barrage du Nil dam.
The bus network is huge. Unfortunately, it is also unmanageable; Buses, mostly from the Cairo Transport Authority, run on 450 lines with a network of 8,500 km. There is nothing left to the tourist but to ask on the spot. The main stops are Midan Ramsis (Central Station), Midan Ataba and Midan Abdel Minin Riyad (under the highway between the Egyptian Museum and the Ramsis Hilton hotel). There are also many minibuses. Go to the driver and name your destination, you will be taken to a suitable bus. The passengers on the bus will show you where to get off on request. A little local knowledge will help. Tickets are disconnected in the bus or paid in the bus/minibus.
Cairo is the only city on the African continent to have a metro, the first of which was built in the 1980s and 1990s. The two lines mainly serve the city center and destinations to the north and south. The network, which has been extended by a third line since 2012, cannot cover the whole of the city, especially the entire east. Both lines cross twice, at Mīdān Ramsīs (stop Al Shohada; , ءesch-Shahhadāʾ) and at Mīdān Taḥrīr (stop at Sadat; was as-Sādāt). Only one part of line 3 can be used.
However, the metro is particularly popular with the locals and is used extensively. When entering the often overcrowded wagons, attention is paid to gender separation. Wagons for women are in the center of the train. Tickets are available at all metro stations. It is called its destination and should usually buy two tickets - one for the return journey as well. The fare for lines 1 and 2 is LE 3, LE 5 and LE 7 for journeys up to 9, 16 and more than 16 stops (stand 5/2018), and for line 3 LE 5, LE 7 and LE 10. The ticket must be inserted into the locks and accepted before the start of the journey. Don't throw away the ticket. It is requested again at the departure of the train stations at these same locks and is not returned there.
Three lines run on a network of about 70 kilometers:
Line 1 stops: El-Marg (north) ǧ ج , al al-ǧ al-adīda) - Helwan (south). ):
El-Marg, Ezbet el-Nakhl, Ain Schams, El-Matariya, Hadayek el-Zeitun, Saray el-Kobba, Hammamat el-Kobba, Kobri el-Kobba, Manshiyet el-Sadr, El-Demerdash, Ghamra, Al Shohadaa (Central Station), Orabi, Nasser, Sadat, Saad Zaghlul, Sayyida Zeinab, El-Malek es-Saleh, Mar Girgis (Altcairo), El-Zahraa, Dar es-Salam, Hadayek el-Ma’adi, Ma’adi, Sakanat el-Ma’adi, Tura el-Balad, Kozzika, Tura el-Esment, El-Maasara, Hadeyek Helwan, Wadi Hof, Ain Helwan, Helwan.
Line 2 stops: Shubra el-Kheima (north) ,al-Chaima) - Monib (South). , al-Munīb):
Shubra el-Kheima, Koleyat el-Zeraah, Mazallat, Khalafawi, St Theresa, Rod el-Farag, Masarra, Al Shohadaa (Central Station), Ataba, Mohammed Nagib, Sadat, Opera, Doqqqi, Behoos, Cairo University, Midan Giza, Giza, Umm Masriyeen (Giza Suburban), Sakiat Mekki, Monib.
Line 3 stops: Airport (East) ط al al -Madised) - Rod-Farag Axis (West Northbound, ض جairo University (West, Southbound) :
Al-Shams Al Shams Al Masĭ/Al , .-Banat (), (), (), () - Banat, (), - - - Abul - (). (--). Bab el'riya (201201). The airport is a few stations away.
Line 4, October-Oasis Highway/Haram District to Police Academy/New Cairo is planned. The line will also allow you to reach the Grand Egyptian Museum and the pyramids of Gīza in the future.
The Cairo Transport Authority also operates tram lines on a network of approximately 30 km. They connect the main station with different destinations in Heliopolis.
taxi and car
Those who want to relax should use the services of the numerous taxi drivers. You can stop empty taxis on the street. Taxi drivers at the hotel guarantee English knowledge and higher prices. Take the price out before you start your journey. The taximeters of the old taxis never work (or should not). Short distances between LE 10 (city center) and LE 20 (from the center to Old Cairo). Additional charges are applicable for the carriage of additional persons. More than four people are usually not taken.
The main part of the taxis are black and white taxis, most of them Peugeot 504 - of which there are about 55,000 in Cairo. Occasionally they also have three rows of seats, at least they are suitable for larger journeys. In recent years, attempts have been made to replace them with more modern and air-conditioned vehicles painted yellow to distinguish them. However, the distribution is rather low - there are probably only about 500 vehicles - because the purchase and, of course, the journey are more expensive - at least their taximeters work. The new taxis can be found at the hotels, at the Turgomān bus station and at the Midan et-Tahrir near el-Mugamma'. Recently, the number of white taxis with a black and white ribbon has been increasing, because more affordable models are used. These taxis also have functioning taximeters.
If you need a taxi in the city center all day, it costs LE 100 in size. A single trip to Alexandria costs about LE 150. Have the courage not necessarily to take the first taxi to make the price better for your benefit. If you are satisfied with the performance of the taxi driver, you can increase the amount to be paid by a tip. If you have reasonable suspicions that the journey is not going right, for example because you have forgotten to negotiate the price, let the driver stop and pay only the above LE 5 to 10. In the case of the new taxis, the price consists of LE 3,50 basic fee and LE 1 per kilometer.
Hardly a taxi driver will know each other in Cairo. While the main tourist destinations are found by every taxi driver, it may be necessary for the taxi driver to check with the local people on the way to smaller hotels. It is therefore useful to know not only the name of the road but also the name of the place or the name of places or other distinctive buildings. Those who know the way are particularly good at it. It is also useful to have a local guide give you directions in Arabic.
The entertainment with the taxi driver will usually include the focus on origin, family and work. A satisfied taxi driver will usually ask you for your destination the following day.
The taxi drivers all have a dense network of contacts and friends in the city. Those who book a trip to the pyramids should not be surprised if there is a stop in souvenir shops, papyrus museums or perfume bazar. Even in the pyramids themselves, the driver may "communicate" to a camel driver. Those who do not like such surprises must do so in a friendly but certainly fair manner.
In addition to the regular taxis, there are also taxi services:
- London Cab Egypt. Tel: +20 19670, Fax: +20 (0)2 4630 1000, e-mail: [email protected]. Since 2010, the Sixt group has been operating a taxi service. He offers e.g. B. airport transfers. Vehicles are adapted for wheelchair users. Bookable with Android and iPhone apps.
- Uber also mediates drivers in Cairo via his apps. Payment is by credit card.
- Pink Taxi Cairo. Mobile: +20 (0)127 077 7760. A taxi service for women. All women have a university degree and speak English.
Self-driving is recommended only for experienced drivers who are familiar with Cairo and Egyptian driving styles. Congestion, numerous one-way roads just in the city center and the lack of traffic signs and signposts are part of everyday life. Driving in the Islamic Old Town in particular requires absolute driving skills, especially when you have to avoid the back traffic on roads that are actually only one lane wide. Don't be sad when pedestrians overtake you.
There are many car hire companies, including:
- Avis, (1) Airport, Tel: (0)2 2265 2429; 11 Kamal El Din Salah St, Simon Boulivar Sq, Garden City, City Center, tel.: (0)2 2368 9400; (3) Nile Hilton Hotel, Cornich El Nil, city center, tel.: (0)2 2579 2400.
- Budget, (1) Airport, Tel: (0)2 2265 2395; (2) 22 El Mathaf El Zeraee St, Agouza, tel.: (0)2 3539 1501/04; (3) 22 El Mathaf El Ziraee, Dokki, tel.: (0)2 3762 0518.
- Europcar, via Maxman Tourist Transport, Max Building, 26 Lebanon St., Mohansen, Tel: (0)2 3347 4712, Fax: (0)2 3303 6123.
- Hertz, (1) Airport, Terminal 2; (2) 195 hours 26th July, Agouza, tel.: (0)2 3347 4172, Fax: (0)2 3539 1379; (3) Ramses Hilton Hotel, Corniche El Nil, city center; (4) Le Meridien Pyramids Hotel, El Remaya Square, tel.: (0)2 2383 0383 ext. 4089th
- Sixt, Airport, Terminal 1 and Terminal 3, Tel: 19670th
These car rental companies are also present at Cairo airport.
For those who are not afraid of distances of 5 to 10 km, it is advisable to visit the Islamic Old Town on foot. Many streets and streets are completely unsuitable for a fluid traffic or even parking.
Along the Nile, sidewalks often take you safely away from traffic. Walking at sunset in the Maadi district, for example, on the shore, brings a touch of romance to the hectic city.
Among the most important sights are the old Coptic Cairo and the medieval Islamic Cairo, which is a World Heritage site. To the west and to the south-west of Cairo, there are numerous archeological evidence such as the pyramid fields and non-royal graves of the Old and Middle Empire of Giza, Saqara, Abu Sir (Abusir), Jahhur and Meidum.
Below you will find a selection of attractions. For a more detailed and comprehensive list, see the suburban articles.
Museums in Cairo
- 1 Al-Al-Al-Al-Al,Al, Al, , . Tel: +20 (0)2 2578 2452. The museum has one of the most important collections of Egyptiaca in the world. The museum has two floors. On the lower floor, the finds are arranged chronologically in the direction of the clock; the upper floor offers space for thematic collections. On the eastern side are the tombs of the Tutankhamun, on the northern end of the upper floor there are three rooms with jewelry finds of the Tutankhamungrabe (center), the Tanis graves and jewelry from all eras. The tomb of King Tutankhamun in the valley of kings and the tomb of Queen Hetepheres I. will be exhibited in the Grand Egyptian Museum in 2020. Opened: Daily from 09:00 to 17:00, in Ramadan until 16:00. Price: Foreign or foreign students pay for the museum LE 200/LE 100, for the Mumienhalle LE 180/LE 90 and for the combination ticket LE 300/LE 150, for the camera ticket LE 50, smartphones free (as of 11/2019). (30° 2′ 52″ N 31° 14′ 0″ E),
- 2 Museum of Islamic Islamic Arts (Islamic Museum for Islamic Arts ف (, Matḥaf al-finn al-islāmī), Midan Ahmed Maher (at the southern tip of Muski district in the Islamic Old Town). The museum contains testimonies from Egypt and Arabia (furniture made of mosques and houses, doors, lamps, etc., vessels, textiles. manuscripts; wood, ceramics, fayence and metal works, carpets, etc.). Opened: Daily except on Fridays from 09:00 to 17:00. Price: The admission price is LE 120/LE 60 for foreigners and foreign students (as of 11/2019). (30° 2′ 41″ N 31° 15′ 10″ E ),
- 3 Koptic Museum ( ف church, al ط, -Matḥaf al-qubdirectives) (in Alt-Cairo near hanging). The museum houses numerous architectural fragments as well as tombstones and frescoes, miniatures, textiles, weapons and objects for the liturgy. Opened: Daily except Friday from 09:00 to 17:00, Friday from 09:00 to 11:00 and from 13:00 to 16:00. Price: The entrance fee is LE 100/LE 50 for foreigners and foreign students (status: 11/2019). (30° 0′ 21″ N 31° 13′ 51″ E)
Museums in Greater Cairo
- The most important collection of paintings in Egypt 4 Mahmoud-Khalil Museum , 1 Kafour el-Akhshid St, Doqqi in the neighboring city of el-Gīza, tel.: +20 (0)2 3338 9720, (0)2 3338 9860, (0)2 3336 2379, open daily except Monday 10:00 to 18:00. Mahmoud Khalil collected 19th century masterpieces by mostly French artists and later donated them to the Egyptian state: Courbet, Degas, Delacroix, Gauguin, Manet, Monet, Pissaro, Renoir, Rodin, Rousseau, Rubens, Toulouse-Lautrec and Van Gogh. The entrance fee is LE 25.
- the 5 Grand Egyptian Museum , located in the west of the city of el-Gīza, two kilometers north-west of the Pyramid complex of el-Gīza, is to present the most important exhibits of the Egyptian Museum in the future. It is expected to open in 2020 with a partial exhibition, which mainly includes the findings of the Tutankhamun tomb. In 2022, it will be fully relocated.
Pharaonic monuments in Greater Cairo
Those who travel to Cairo do so mostly with the intention of 6 Pyramids of Giza (and not to die). They are the impressive climax of a huge necropolis of the Reichstag capital of the Old Reich Memphis, which stretches from Meidūm to Abu Rawāsch. It houses the tombs of the royal family, as well as the graves of the royal family and more or less high-ranking dignitaries and officials, mainly from the Old Kingdom. And while, apart from the pyramid texts in the pyramids of the sixth dynasty, the pyramids are undecorated, the private graves are all the more magnificent with scenes from everyday life and religious scenes.
Tip: If you want to visit the pyramids, do so early in the morning. The coaches arrive at around 10 a.m., which gives you the possibility to climb into the interior of the pyramids without any crowds. In addition, the long distances on the incredibly large terrain are much more pleasant with even cooler morning temperatures.
Architecture: Religious and professional
Over 1000 years of architectural history can be fully explored through numerous legacies.
- the 7 old Islamic town is the most important monument group of Cairo. They are a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Those who have little time should at least visit:
- 8 citadel and mosque of the sultan Hasan,
- 9 Chān el-Chalīlī
- the route from Bab el-Futuh to the El Azhar Mosque.
- 10 Alt-Cairo is the most important Coptic area in Cairo. Here you can visit several churches (the suspended church (el-Moallaqa), St. George's church, St. Sergius Church and St. Barbara's Church), the synagogue Ben Ezra and the Coptic museum. You cannot overlook the bastions of the former fortress of Babylon.
- The modern city center is filled with numerous architectural examples, characterized by predominantly French and British architects from the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The center is therefore called Paris along the Nile. Walking is worthwhile, even if you sometimes need imagination to imagine what it looked like 50 years ago. And the entrance is free.
Due to the size of Cairo and the large number of districts, its numerous monuments, which extend across the city boundaries, you will alternatively have a cultural and historical classification of Cairo, which will allow you to quickly access its other sights.
Theater and cinemas
Cairo has numerous cinemas and theaters named in the chapters of the city. Cinemas show mostly current national film productions and selected Hollywood films. The famous opera is located at the southern end of the island of az-Zamalek (the predecessor building at the Midan Opera burned down in the 1970s). The Opera House houses several galleries, such as the Museum of Modern Art.
Boat and shipping
A boat trip on the Nile can be very relaxing. Half an hour should not cost more than LE 10. An experience is certainly a cruise to the Nile dam Barrage du Nil. On weekends (Thursdays and Fridays) this is very popular among the locals, because in the end not only the dam but also a mammal are located. Here the way to the destination is because the locals are sometimes very busy on the journey.
Especially in the Islamic Old Town, many tea houses invite you to stay with tea or smoking a shīscha (water pipe). The most famous tea house is the El-Fischawy on the south beach of the Chan el-Chalili.
As for book shopping, Cairo is the number one address. Here is an overview of important business:
- 1 American University bookshop in Cairo, city center, south side of Midān et-Tahrīr, Shariʿ Qasr el-Aini 113 (access to the campus via Mohammed Mahīr mud gate). Tel: (0)2 2797 5377. Offer: textbooks and books from the American University's publishing program in Cairo Press (AUC Press). Opened: So - from 9:00 to 16:00, from 10:00 to 15:00. (30° 2′ 41″ N 31° 14′ 20″ E ),
- 2 L’Oriental, city center, 15 Shariʿ Qasr en-Nīl. Tel: +20 (0)2 2575 3418, (0)2 2576 5451, Fax: +20 (0)2 2579 4188, e-mail: [email protected]. The most important bookshop in Cairo and the Far East has been open since September 2006. There is also a branch (L’Orientale) in the city center, Nile Hilton Shopping Mall, ground floor, shop 757. Tel. (0)2 2576 2440 Payment is only possible with American Express or in cash. Opened: Mon - Sat 10.00 - 19.00. (30° 2′ 49″ N 31° 14′ 14″ E),
- 3 Livres de France, 11 Hassan Sabry St., Zamalek. Tel: +20 (0)2 2378 0315. Offer: French import books, publications of the Institut Français d’Archéologie Orientale, small bookshop. Opened: 11.00 - 20.00, So closed. (30° 3′ 28″ N 31° 13′ 16″ E),
- 4 Diwan, Ez-Zamālek, 26 July Street No. 159. Tel: (0)2 2736 2578, (0)2 2736 2582, (0)2 2736 2598. Offer: art books, phonograms, DVDs. Small café. Opened: 9.00 - 23.00 (30° 3′ 33″ N 31° 13′ 26″ E)
- 5 Reader’s Corner, city center, Schariʿ Abdel Khalek Tharwat 3. Tel: (0)2 2392 8801. Offer: books, postcards, paintings. It is possible that in the future, secondhand bookstores will also be included. (30° 3′ 1″ N 31° 14′ 38″ E),
- 6 Bookshop Shorouk, 1 Mīdān Talaat Harb. Tel: (0)2 2391 2480, (0)2 2393 0643. Giza Branch: First Mall, 35 Shariʿ Giza. tel.: 3568 5187, 3573 5035 (30° 2′ 50″ N 31° 14′ 19″ E)
- 7 Book shop Madbūlī, city center, Shariʿ Talaat Harb 6 (Talaat'at-Harb Square). Tel: (0)2 2575 6421. Probably the most important business for Arabic literature. (30° 2′ 52″ N 31° 14′ 18″ E),
- 8 Ezbekiya Garden, city center, north of the Opera Square (the old opera). Large book market for used books. (30° 3′ 13″ N 31° 14′ 55″ E)
- 9 bookshop Lehnert and Landrock, city center, 36 Abd El-Khalik Sarwat St. (1st upper floor). Tel: (0)2 2392 7606, (0)2 2393 5324, Fax: +20 (0)2 2393 4421. Offer: travel guides, guides and dictionaries in various languages, maps, postcards, historical photographs. My own publishing program with art guides mainly of Coptic monuments. The store is no longer in a long-standing location. Opened: Daily from 10:00 to 19:00. (30° 3′ 2″ N 31° 14′ 37″ E),
You can buy souvenirs, especially jewelry, at the shops of the Khan el-Khalili and at the shops of the hotels.
- Chān el-Chalīlī
- Carpet bazar, south of Bab Zuweila.
The restaurants in Cairo offer both Egyptian and international cuisine. Meat dishes (beef, lamb and chicken) are usually expensive for Egyptian conditions and are only available in more sophisticated restaurants.
The choice of restaurants is great in Cairo. There are thousands of restaurants, cafés and bars of all kinds.
In many places in Cairo, you can find fast-food restaurants or simple snacks - even if you occasionally feel that you can't find anything when you need it. In addition to international chains such as McDonald's, KFC and Pizza Hut, snack stands are popular among the locals who offer cuscheri or sandwiches with falafel and salad. The menu should be pleasant for vegetarians.
- Kuschari is a dish made of pasta, spaghetti and rice, on which a layer of lentils, onions and tomato and/or chili sauce is placed.
- Falafel (Arabic: , Falæ, also commonly referred to as Tamiya (Arabic: , aareferred to as Mīya, are available in various variants. Behind it are vegetable cardels made of beans, peas, onions, herbs and spices baked in hot oil. The presentation varies:
- as sandwiches with falafel and salad
- as loose but large Tamiya
- with a baked egg, etc.
- Fūl (Arabic: ) a dish made of brown sows
- soups. Often, in restaurants tomato, onion and other soups are offered, mostly prefabricated. However, typical for small restaurants are soups made of crushed lentils, which are freshly prepared and can be served with butter.
- omelets, simple or with vegetables (tomatoes, peppers, onions) or with basterma (Arabic: ط Basæ Basmati Mash), a dried ham-like beef.
- salads. There is often a wide choice: tomato cucumber salad, mayonnaise salad, zucchini salad, green beans salad, Tabbūla (mixed salad from Burghul (wheat), parsley, onions, etc.). sauces are also included in the salads, such as Tahīna (Arabic: ط , Aḥīna), a thick liquid sauce of leguminous vegetables and sesame oil and similar variants.
- is served with many fladena شballadī ʿAladī, ʿAsh), sometimes fries can be served as well.
- Real meat dishes are less expensive and less expensive. These include cufta (grilled chicken) and kebab.
- The desserts are rich in calories: cakes or puddings.
- Drinks include water, soft drinks and fruit juices.
See also: Food and drink in Egypt.
Choice of international fast food restaurants
- 1 Kentucky Fried Chicken (KFC), Sharia Mohammed Mahmud, side street south-east of Midan Tahrir (city center). (30° 2′ 42″ N 31° 14′ 10″ E ),
- 2McDonald’s, Sharia Mohammed Mahmud, side street southeast of Midan Tahrir (city center). (30° 2′ 37″ N 31° 14′ 14″ E),
- Pizza Hut, Midan Tahrir (city center).
Choice of Egyptian fast food restaurants
- 41Acher a 30.05363631.2437Acher Sa (). Egyptian cuisine. Also take food. (30° 3′ 13″ N 31° 14′ 37″ E)
- 4 Felfela, Sharia Talaat Harb (city center). Egyptian cuisine, fast food department of the restaurant of the same name. (30° 2′ 47″ N 31° 14′ 16″ E),
- .55 Kazaz restaurant (q. 8), ز 33 Sabry Abou Aaat Harb Sb q.). Tel: +20 16903, (0)102 804 5477, (0)102 804 5512. (30° 2′ 50″ N 31° 14′ 21″ E)
- 6 Koshary Abou Tarek, 16 Maarouf St., Cairo 11511 (Champollion crossing). Tel: +20 16760, (0)2 2577 5935, Mobile: (0)100 105 9950, Fax: +20 (0)2 2576 1911. Opened: 9-23. (30° 3′ 1″ N 31° 14′ 16″ E),
- 77 El Domiati, El Orabi (city center), close to the metro station of the same name. Tel: +20 (0)2 2575 4211, (0)2 2575 4291. Very good, mainly vegetarian dishes and salads. (30° 3′ 22″ N 31° 14′ 34″ E),
- 88hesitate (öba) (ط, , 1ūb, 26th of July, Zamalek. Tel: +20 (0)2 2334 3980 (free house supply), mobile: +20 (0)100 132 6000. A small restaurant for Cushari, Egyptian cuisine and sandwiches. (30° 3′ 40″ N 31° 13′ 10″ E),
Other fast food chains include Gad and Mo'men.
You will find medium and high-quality restaurants in Cairo relatively rarely, mostly in higher residential districts and hotels. Below is a selection of popular restaurants. Other restaurants are mentioned in the neighborhood articles.
Selection of Asian restaurants
- 9 The Bird Cage, Corniche El Nil, Garden City (Semiramis Intercontinental Hotel). Tel: +20 (0)2 2795 7171. Thai cuisine. (30° 2′ 34″ N 31° 13′ 56″ E)
- 10 Kamala, 1191 Corniche el Nil, Cairo 11221 (at the Conrad Cairo Hotel). Tel: +20 (0)2 2580 8000, (0)2 2580 8103. The Asian cuisine restaurant, with a focus on Indonesia, Malaysia, Vietnam and Thailand, has been open since May 2010. (30° 3′ 55″ N 31° 13′ 41″ E)
- 11 Shogun Restaurant, 3 Omar Ibn El Kahattab St, Ard el Golf, Heliopolis (at InterContinental Cairo Citystars). Tel: +20 (0)2 2480 0100 ext. 2320th Japanese cuisine, sushi. (30° 4′ 21″ N 31° 20′ 47″ E)
Selection of European and international restaurants
- 12 Le Pacha 1901, Saraya El Guezira St., Cairo 11511. Mobile: +20 (0)112 959 9903. With nine restaurants, a. Carlo's. (30° 3′ 7″ N 31° 13′ 40″ E),
- 13 Maestro Restaurant, 3 Omar Ibn El Kahattab St, Ard el Golf, Heliopolis (at the InterContinental Cairo Citystars). Tel: +20 (0)2 2480 0009, (0)2 2480 0100. Italian cuisine. (30° 4′ 21″ N 31° 20′ 47″ E)
- 14 Maison Thomas, Zamalek (city center), 157 26th of July Street. Tel: (0)2 2735 7057. With good but expensive pizzas. (30° 3′ 33″ N 31° 13′ 26″ E)
- 15 O’s Pasta, 159 of 26th July St, Zamalek. Mobile: +20 (0)100 415 5756. (30° 3′ 34″ N 31° 13′ 26″ E),
- 16 U Bistro & Bar, 157 July 26th St., Zamalek (Baehler’s Mansions). Tel: +20 (0)2 2736 7731, Mobile: +20 (0)100 720 4094 (reservation), e-mail: [email protected]. French cuisine. Opened: Daily from 12:00 to 2:00 at night. (30° 3′ 32″ N 31° 13′ 28″ E),
Choice of fish restaurants
There are a number of fish restaurants on the western banks of the Nile.
Choice of Indian restaurants
- 17 Indira Restaurant, Ali Rashed St., Heliopolis, Cairo (at the Holiday Inn Cairo Citystars). Tel: +20 (0)2 2480 3000. Indian cuisine. (30° 4′ 27″ N 31° 20′ 38″ E),
- 18 Maharaja, 1115 Corniche El Nile, Downtown (at Ramses Hilton). Tel: +20 (0)2 2577 7444. Indian cuisine. (30° 3′ 2″ N 31° 13′ 55″ E),
The best Indian restaurant is the The Moghul Room at the Mena House Hotel in the neighboring city of el-Gīza.
Choice of Mexican and Texan restaurants
- 19 Maria’s, Oruba St., Heliopolis (at the Hilton Cairo Heliopolis Hotel). Tel: +20 (0)2 2267 7730, (0)2 2267 7740. Mexican cuisine. Opened: Daily from 2:00pm to midnight. (30° 6′ 22″ N 31° 21′ 53″ E)
A choice of oriental restaurants: Egyptian cuisine
- 20 Abou el-Sid, branch 26th July St., Zamalek (Behind Maison Thomas or Bookshop Diwan). Tel: +20 (0)2 2735 9640. Traditional Egyptian cuisine. restaurant in an old French style. expensive. (30° 3′ 34″ N 31° 13′ 27″ E)
- 21 Felfela, 15 Hoda Shaarawi St., city center (side street of Sharia Talaat Harb). Tel: +20 (0)2 2392 2751. Good food at moderate prices. Opened: Daily from 08:00 to 24:00. (30° 2′ 48″ N 31° 14′ 17″ E)
A choice of oriental restaurants: Lebanese and Turkish cuisine
- 22 Fayruz, Omar Ibn el-Khattab St., Heliopolis (in the Intercontinental Citystars Cairo). Tel: +20 (0)2 2480 0100. Lebanese cuisine. lunch and dinner. In the evening, live Arabic-Lebanese music and belly dance. (30° 4′ 21″ N 31° 20′ 47″ E)
- 23 Osmanly Restaurant, 12 Ahmed Ragheb St., Corniche El-Nil, Garden City, Cairo (at Kempinski Nile Hotel ). Tel: +20 (0)2 2798 000. Turkish, Lebanese and Egyptian cuisine. (30° 2′ 20″ N 31° 13′ 50″ E),
- 24 Sabaya, Corniche El Nil, Garden City (Semiramis Intercontinental Hotel, 2nd floor). Tel: +20 (0)2 2795 7171. Lebanese cuisine. (30° 2′ 34″ N 31° 13′ 56″ E)
- .239763,2323, 2003 Tel: +20 (0)2 2792 5261, Mobile: +20 (0)100 161 9141. Cozy restaurant with Lebanese cuisine. The clientele is made up of Egyptians and foreigners working in the local embassies. The menus are in English and Arabic. Of course there is also tabula salad. Opened: Daily from 12:00pm to 2:00am. (30° 2′ 23″ N 31° 13′ 58″ E),
Note: Most of the old traditional cafe houses are reserved for male customers.
Famous cafés and tea houses
The following are famous for their ambience:
- 226262 El Fishawy ( خ.............................. Tel: +20 (0)2 2590 6755, +20 (0)122 311 1944. Café in Chan el-Chalili opened in 1773. (30° 2′ 51″ N 31° 15′ 44″ E),
- 27 (), 1, 11ش Tel: +20 (0)2 2392 9793, (0)2 2391 8873, e-mail: [email protected]. The over 100-year-old restaurant is one of the most important in the city center. Opened: Daily from 08:00 to 24:00. (30° 2′ 49″ N 31° 14′ 18″ E),
- Cilantros. Cilantros is a chain of modern Italian-style cafés. Addresses will follow shortly. However, it is often enough to tell the taxi driver the name of the café and the part of town you want to visit (Mohandisīn, Doqqi, Heliopolis, Giza, Zamalek, etc.). This is a café for breaks, which you can choose spontaneously when you pass by. A very popular meeting place for well-earned locals and foreigners living in Cairo.
Most of the hotels are located in the city center and in the Pyramid area. They are described in the relevant sections of the districts. A few hotels with their own charm are mentioned here:
Although Cairo has been a tourist attraction for a century and a half, few historic hotels are preserved.
- Perhaps the most famous hotel is the 5-star hotel 3 Mena House in the El-Haram district of the neighboring city of el-Gīza: a nice hotel with pool, good restaurants and views of the pyramids. The modern extensions should be ignored.
- The 3-star hotel 4Victoria dates back to Victoria and is located in the El-Azbakīya district.
- A little further south, the 3-star hotel 5Windsor is located in a 3-star hotel with many original installations, such as the original elevator.
- The 3-star Hotel 6 Cosmopolitan is located in downtown.
Unfortunately, the management of these three-star hotels is unable to take advantage of their former flair.
Of the former hotels Semiramis and Shepheard, both located in Garden City, there are only their names, which are now supported by new hotel buildings. Other hotels, such as the Eden Palace in 'Ataba, now a residential and commercial building, and the Heliopolis Palace in Heliopolis, now a presidential palace that is not accessible, still exist but are no longer used as hotels. The Marriott Hotel in ez-Zamālik belongs to the former 7Gezīra Palace, but the hotel towers are neither historical nor worth seeing.
- 8 Longchamps. The 3-star Longchamps hotel in ez-Zamālik is one of the most popular boutique hotels in Cairo. (30° 3′ 49″ N 31° 13′ 10″ E),
- 9Talisman Hotel de Charme. The Talisman Hotel de Charme is located in downtown. (30° 3′ 8″ N 31° 14′ 31″ E),
There are many luxury hotels in Būlāq, Garden City, Heliopolis and Tahrir Square.
The best-equipped hotels include: a. the Four Seasons Hotel Cairo at Nile Plaza, the Nile Ritz-Carlton, the Intercontinental Cairo Citystars, the Sofitel Cairo Nile El Gezirah, the Cairo Marriott Hotel & Omar Khayyam Casino, the InterContinental Cairo Semiramis and the Fairmont Towers.
Many budget hotels and hostels are located in the city center of Cairo. The central location makes it easy to explore Cairo by car and especially the lively inner city district on foot. However, many of the hotels have already had their best days, with new, modern and welcoming hotels in recent years.
List of hotels
The hotels are described in the articles. To find them faster, you can find their list by location here:
- Ambassador Hotel, Big Ben Hotel, Cairo Khan Hotel, Capsis Palace Hotel, Carlton Hotel, Egypt YMCA, Fontana Hotel, Grand Hotel, Hamburg Hotel, Happyton Hotel, Horris Hotel, New Extady Hotel, Omayad Hotel, Safari Hotel, Scarabee Hotel, Sultan Hotel, Victoria Hotel, Windsor Hotel
- Conrad Cairo Hotel, Fairmont Nile City Hotel, Hilton Cairo World Trade Center Residences, Ramses Hilton Hotel, St Regis Cairo
- Chān el-Chalīlī
- Hotel El Hussein
- Bedouin Hotel, Cairo Stars Hotel, Dahab Hotel, Each Way Hotel, Green Valley Hotel, King Togel Hostel, Lialy Inn, Madina Hostel, Milano Hostel, New Hotel, Odeon Palace Hotel, Pension Roma, Suisse Hotel, Talisman Hotel, Tulip Hotel
- Garden City
- Four Seasons Hotel Cairo at Nile Plaza, Juliana Hotel, Kempinski Nile Hotel
- Novotel Cairo al Borg Hotel, Sofitel El Gezirah Cairo
- Al Horeya Hotel, Aviation Hotel, Baron Hotel Heliopolis, Beirut Hotel, Caesars Palace Hotel, Cairo Airport Hotel, Champs Elysees Hotel, Concorde El Salam Hotel Cairo, Ebeid House Hotel; Gabaly Hotel, Helio Cairo Hotel, Heliopark Hotel, Hilton Cairo Heliopolis Hotel, Holiday Home Hotel, Holiday Inn Cairo Citystars, Intercontinental Citystars, JW Marriott Hotel, Le Meridien Heliopolis Hotel, Le Passage Heliopolis Hotel, Novotel Cairo Airport Hotel, Radisson Blu Heliopolis Royal Marshal Hotel, The Gabriel, The Karvin Hotel
- Madīnat Naskr
- Maxim Hotel, Sonesta Cairo Hotel
- Arabia Hotel, Grand Nile Tower Hotel, Nile Garden Hotel
- Taḥrīr square
- Cleopatra Palace Hotel, Garden City House Hotel, Lotus Hotel, Madina Hostel, The Nile Ritz-Carlton, Semiramis InterContinental Cairo, Shepheard Hotel, Steigenberger Hotel El Tahrir Cairo
- Cairo Marriott Hotel & Omar Khayyam Casino, El Nil Zamalek Hotel, Golden Tulip Flamenco Hotel, Horus House Hotel, Longchamps Hotel, May Fair Hotel, New President Hotel, New Star Hotel, Om Kolthoom Hotel, President Hotel, Zamalek Residence Hotel
- Cairotel Hotel, Holiday Inn Cairo Maadi, Maadi Hotel, Pearl Hotel, Residence Hotel, Villa Belle Epoque
Other hotels are located in the neighboring cities 6th of October City, el-Gīza, Helwan and Neu-Cairo.
In Cairo there are several local universities and universities operating with foreign partners.
- 1 El-Azhar University. The most important (Islamic) university is El Azhar University, whose great times are probably over. It still has weight as an authority in Islamic legal matters. (30° 2′ 43″ N 31° 15′ 51″ E)
- 2 Ain-Schams University, el-Abbasiya. (30° 4′ 38″ N 31° 17′ 6″ E),
- 3 University of Cairo, el-Giza. (30° 1′ 37″ N 31° 12′ 23″ E)
Those with wealthy parents usually choose to study at universities with a foreign partner
- 4 American University in Cairo (AUC). The American University in Cairo (AUC) is one of the most important universities. It owns its own important publishing house (AUC Press). The university has moved to New Cairo. (30° 1′ 9″ N 31° 30′ 13″ E),
- 5 German University in Cairo. The university has moved to New Cairo. (29° 59′ 15″ N 31° 26′ 30″ E),
Other such universities are expected to follow in the coming years.
School education can also be provided with an increased share of language training:
- 6 German Protestant School Cairo, 6 Sharia Dokki, Dokki, Cairo. Tel: +20 (0)2 3748 1649, Fax: +20 (0)2 3748 1648, e-mail: [email protected]. (30° 1′ 56″ N 31° 12′ 39″ E),
- 7German School of Borrowers Cairo, 8 Sharia Mohamed Mahmoud, Bab-El-Louk, Cairo. Tel: +20 (0)2 2790 0088, (0)2 2790 0089, Fax: +20 (0)2 2795 6097, e-mail: [email protected]. (30° 2′ 32″ N 31° 14′ 27″ E)
- 8Lycée Français du Caire en Egypte, 7 Rue 12, Ma'adi. Tel: +20 (0)2 2358 3574, e-mail: [email protected]. (29° 57′ 7″ N 31° 16′ 3″ E),
- English-speaking schools
There are many ways to learn the Arabic language or to improve the language skills:
- Arabic Language Institute. A division of the AUC. Moved to New Cairo.
- 1 Goethe-Institut, 5 Sh. El-Bustan city center, P.O.B. 7 Mohamed Farid, 11518 Cairo. Tel: +20 (0)2 2575 9877, Fax: +20 (0)2 2577 1140, e-mail: [email protected]. (30° 2′ 45″ N 31° 14′ 10″ E),
- 2 British Council, 192 El Nil St., Agouza, Cairo. Tel: +20 (0)2 3300 1666, Fax: +20 (0)2 3344 3076. (30° 3′ 31″ N 31° 12′ 53″ E)
- 3 British Council, 4 El Minya St., Heliopolis, Cairo. Tel: +20 (0)2 2452 3395-7, Fax: +20 (0)2 258 3660, e-mail: [email protected]. (30° 5′ 46″ N 31° 19′ 26″ E),
- 4 Center Français de Culture et de Coopération, 1 Madraset Al-Hoqouq Al-Ferensiya St., Mounira. Tel: +20 (0)2 2794 7679, (0)2 2794 4095, Fax: (0)2 2795 7136, (0)2 2795 7148, e-mail: [email protected]. (30° 1′ 59″ N 31° 14′ 10″ E),
- 5 Istituto Italiano di Cultura, 3 El Sheikh el Marsafi St., Zamalek. Tel: +20 (0)2 2735 8791, Fax: +20 (0)2 2736 7593. (30° 3′ 26″ N 31° 13′ 23″ E)
- 6 The Netherlands-Flemish Institute in Cairo, 1 Dr. Mahmoud Azmi St., P. O. Box 50, 11211 Zamalek, Cairo. Tel: +20 (0)2 2738 2520, (0)2 2738 2522, Fax: +20 (0)2 2738 2523, e-mail: [email protected]. (30° 3′ 24″ N 31° 13′ 20″ E),
- 7 American Center Cairo (ACC), 5 Latin America St., Garden City, City Center (in the US Embassy). Tel: +20 (0)2 2797 3133, Fax: +20 (0)2 2797-3400, e-mail: [email protected]. (30° 2′ 28″ N 31° 14′ 1″ E),
Egypt is part of the subtropical climate zone. This zone is characterized by a warm and dry desert climate.
|Mean maximum air temperature in °C||19||20||24||28||32||34||35||34||33||29||25||20||Ø||27.8|
|Average air temperature in °C||14||15||17||21||25||27||28||27||26||23||19||15||Ø||21.4|
|Mean lowest air temperature in °C||9||10||12||15||18||20||22||22||20||17||14||10||Ø||15.8|
|precipitation in mm||5||4||4||3||0.5||0||0||0||0||3||4||6||area||25.5|
|Rainy days per month||4||3||2||3||0.5||0||0||0||0||0.5||3||3||area||15|
WMO: World Weather Information Service, available on 23 May 2011.
Cairo can be considered a safe city. Night walks in slums or in large cemeteries are not recommended. Since the revolution in spring 2011, the security situation has deteriorated. It is still good in the city center during the day if there are no demonstrations. The situation in the peripheral areas of the city and after dark throughout the city, including the city center, is at present (status: August 2011). Attacks and sometimes armed conflicts continue to occur in various places. They are not targeted at tourists, but regularly cause injuries and rare deaths.
See the comments in Egypt.
- regional medical practice at the German Embassy. The regional medical practice at the German Embassy is closed. The embassy will arrange for a co-operative doctor after prior appointment by telephone.
- AssProf. Dr. Abdel Meguid Kassem, trustee of the Austrian Embassy, 2 El-Fawakeh St., Mohandessin, Cairo. Tel: +20 (0)2 3338 2393, Fax: +20 (0)2 3303 7096, e-mail: [email protected]. Areas of work gastro-enterology, hepatology, infectious diseases. Language skills English, German, Arabic.
Major hospitals and emergency calls
Not all hospitals in Cairo already have modern equipment or adequate hygiene standards. Ask your hotel or embassy for suitable doctors or clinics. The list below also includes hospitals from the neighboring cities of el-Gīza and Neu-Cairo.
- 9Ain Shams Specialized Hospital, Abbasia. Tel: +20 (0)2 2402 4111, (0)2 2402 7166. (30° 4′ 35″ N 31° 17′ 26″ E)
- 10,10,17623103 Tel: +20 (0)2 2617 6981, (0)2 2313 1804, +20 19448, mobile: +20 (0)121 118 1199, Fax: +20 (0)2 2477 5908, e-mail: [email protected], [email protected] (Head of Hospital). State-of-the-art military hospital in Cairo with all specialist departments, including for private patients. Opened: 24/7 (30° 1′ 3″ N 31° 26′ 5″ E),
- 11 Anglo-American Hospital, Sharia Hadayek al-Zuhreiya, Gezira, city center. Tel: (0)2 2735 6162, (0)2 2735 6163, (0)2 2735 6165. (30° 2′ 46″ N 31° 13′ 18″ E),
- Arab Contractors Hospital, Gabal Akhdar, Nasr City. Tel: +20 (0)2 2282 5763, (0)2 2282 5764, +20 19660.
- 12 Cleopatra Hospital, 39 Cleopatra St., Salah el Din Sq., Heliopolis. Tel: +20 (0)2 2414 3931, (0)2 2414 3925. (30° 5′ 36″ N 31° 19′ 47″ E)
- 1924133 Damascus obsession ى, , 1 Shehab St.). Tel: +20 (0)2 3347 0206, (0)2 3347 0194, (0)2 3347 0198, Fax: +20 (0)2 3346 9082. (30° 3′ 18″ N 31° 11′ 33″ E),
- ,1030,10,10, ى, El, Tel: +20 (0)2 290 7017, (0)2 2290 7027. (30° 5′ 21″ N 31° 19′ 27″ E)
- ,,15IIina Specialized, 24 Mossadak., 24 Mossadak., , ٤٢ to be Tel: +20 (0)2 3760 1316, (0)2 3760 1317. (30° 2′ 24″ N 31° 12′ 30″ E),
- 162316161043332931.2162166near the Sheraton Hotel, opposite the regional medical practice. Tel: +20 (0)2 3760 8261, (0)2 3760 8262, (0)2 3760 8263, Fax: +20 (0)2 3335 6894, (0)2 3761 3228, e-mail: [email protected]. Private staff hospital. Opened: 24/7 (30° 2′ 36″ N 31° 12′ 58″ E),
- 17 El Nozha International Hospital, 9 El Rashid St., Heliopolis (next to the El Seddiq Mosque). Tel: +20 (0)2 2266 0555, (0)2 2265 8555, Fax: +20 (0)2 266 0717. (30° 6′ 1″ N 31° 22′ 21″ O),
- 18 Qasr el-Aini Teaching Hospital, Corniche el-Nil, Garden City, City Center. Tel: (0)2 2365 4060, (0)2 2365 4061, (0)2 2365 4069. (30° 1′ 51″ N 31° 13′ 39″ E)
- As-Salam International Hospital, 3 Sharia Syria, Mohadisen. Tel: (0)2 3302 9970.
- 19849984.,4-Salim ( e el-Nil, el-Maadi. Tel: +20 (0)2 2524 0250, +20 19885, Fax: +20 (0)2 2524 0066, e-mail: [email protected]. Private staff hospital, all specialist departments. Opened: 24/7 (29° 59′ 6″ N 31° 13′ 50″ E ),
- 20 Saudi German Hospital, Joseph Tito St. Nozha (Airport Rd.), Heliopolis, Cairo. Tel: +20 (0)2 2620 5149, +20 16259, e-mail: [email protected]. private clinic, maximum care. Opened: 24/7 (30° 7′ 28″ N 31° 22′ 30″ E ),
- 21 Heliopolis Cardiac Center (Heart Center Heliopolis), 46 Nazih Khalifa St., Heliopolis. Tel: +20 (0)2 2258 2940, (0)2 2258 0462, (0)2 2259 2233, Fax: +20 (0)2 259 0736. cardiac clinic. (30° 5′ 44″ N 31° 19′ 22″ E),
- 22 Aisha Dental Center, 154 El Nil St., Agouza. Tel: +20 (0)2 3761 0288, (0)2 3336 3345, Fax: +20 (0)2 3335 5663. Dental clinic. (30° 2′ 57″ N 31° 13′ 2″ O),
- People’s Dispensary for Sick Animals, 60 El Sikka El Bayda St., Abbasia. Tel: (0)2 2482 2294. Animal clinic.
There are several tourist information in Cairo,
- Main office of tourist information, Shari's 'city center' 'Shari, Adly, . Tel: +20 (0)2 2391 3454. A few meters west there is a branch of the tourist police. Opened: 8.30 - 20.00 hours, and reduced opening hours during Ramadan.
- Tourist Information Pyramids St., Gīza. Tel: +20 (0)2 3383 8823, Fax: +20 (0)2 3383 8823. Opened: daily from 8:00 to 17:00.
- Tourist Information Central Station, Mīdān Ramsīs, in the city center (in the southwest corner of the hall of the main railway station). Tel: +20 (0)2 2579 0767. Opened: daily from 8:00 to 20:00.
- Tourist Information Station Gīza, Gīza. Tel: +20 (0)2 3570 2233. Opened: daily from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m.
- Tourist Information Manial Palace, Manial. Tel: +20 (0)2 2531 5587. Opened: daily from 8:00 to 15:00.
- Tourist Information Age Airport Cairo, Terminal 1. Tel: +20 (0)2 265 4760, Fax: +20 (0)2 2415 7475. Opened: daily all day.
- Tourist Information New Cairo Airport, Terminal 2. Tel: +20 (0)2 2265 2223, Fax: +20 (0)2 2419 4195. Opened: daily all day.
- Touristic Information Cairo International Airport. Tel: +20 (0)2 291 4255.
- Tourist police center. The tourist police headquarters are located in the Manyal district, just west of the Manyal Palace.
- Tourist police, Shari, 'Adly Schari' Mid (west of Opera). Tel: +20 (0)2 2393 5806, (0)2 2393 6028.
Below you will find a list of important embassies in German-speaking countries. Many countries also have consulates in other cities, mostly in Alexandria, but also in Sharm el-Sheik. The following information is without guarantee:
- 23 Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany, 2 Schāri' Berlin, Zamalek, Cairo (near Schāri'Hassan Sabri). Tel: +20 (0)2 2728 2000, Fax: +20 (0)2 2728 2159, e-mail: [email protected]. (30° 3′ 18″ N 31° 13′ 8″ E),
- 24 Embassy of the Republic of Austria, 5 Schāri' Wissa Wassef, 5th floor, Corner El Nil Street, Riyadh-Tower, Giza, 11111 Cairo. Tel: +20 (0)2 3570 2975, Fax: +20 (0)2 3570 2979, e-mail: [email protected]. (30° 1′ 39″ N 31° 13′ 6″ E),
- 25 Swiss Embassy, 10 Schāri' Abdel Khalek Sarwat (Tharwat), city center. Tel: +20 (0)2 2575 8284, Fax: +20 (0)2 2574 5236, e-mail: [email protected]. (30° 3′ 5″ N 31° 14′ 23″ E),
- Liechtenstein citizens can contact the Swiss representations in case of consular inquiries. Their interests are exercised to the same extent as those of Swiss nationals.
- 3 Ahmed Pasha St., Garden City, Cairo. Tel: +20 (0)2 2792 8924, Fax: +20 (0)2 2792 8923, e-mail: [email protected]. Honorary consul is François de Maurissens. Luxembourgers can also contact the Belgian Embassy in Cairo.Consulate of Luxembourg,
See also: Cairo/Embassies
Below you will find the Cairens offices of major airlines:
- 8 EgyptAir, 6 Schāri' 'Adly, city center (west of the Midan Opera). Tel: +20 1717, +20 (0)2 2392 7649, (0)2 2392 7680, (0)2 2390 2444, (0)900 70 Fax: +20 (0)2 2391 1256. (30° 3′ 3″ N 31° 14′ 47″ E),
- 9 EgyptAir, 9 Talaat Harb St. Tel.: +20 1717, (0)2 2392 7664, (0)2 2393 0381, (0)900 7000, Fax: +20 2392 2835. (30° 2′ 45″ N 31° 14′ 15″ E)
- EgyptAir, Cairo International Airport. Tel: +20 1717, (0)2 244 1460, (0)900 70000, Fax: +20 (0)2 2267 4555.
- 10 Lufthansa Group (incl. Austrian Airlines, Swiss Air), 6 Schāri' el Sheihk el Marsafy, Zamalek. Tel: +20 (0)2 2739 8339, (0)2 2580 3500 (tickets and reservation), fax: +20 (0)2 2737 0475. (30° 3′ 25″ N 31° 13′ 21″ E)
- 11 Lufthansa Group (incl. Austrian Airlines, Swiss Air), 1191 Corniche El Nil St., Bulaq (World Trade Center Building, 7th floor). ). Tel: +20 (0)2 2265 2486, (0)2 2580 3500 (tickets and reservations), mobile: +20 (0)127 070 0099. (30° 3′ 51″ N 31° 13′ 40″ E),
See also: Cairo/airlines
visas and work permits
- .28605326666658131.286026 Emigration and Migration and Administration ( ) Al Al Al Al Al Al Al ١ز. Tel: +20 (0)2 2794 8661. It makes sense to appear on time, starting at around 7 a.m. Wait after the number sequence until you are called. Opened: daily except on Fridays 8-14 hours. (30° 4′ 0″ N 31° 17′ 10″ E),
Addresses and contact points of key authorities
- 27 Supreme Council of Antiquities (Supreme Council of Antiquities), 1 Sh. Al-Malik al-Afdal, Zamalek, Cairo, 11211, Egypt. Fax: +20 (0)2 2735 7239. (30° 3′ 48″ N 31° 13′ 1″ E),
- 28 Ministry of Culture (Ministry of Culture), 2 Shagrat el-Dor St., Cairo, Zamalek. Tel: +20 (0)2 2735 2546, Fax: +20 (0)2 2735 3947. Faruq Abd el-Salam, Chief Sector of the Minister’s Office of the Ministry of Culture. (30° 3′ 33″ N 31° 13′ 2″ O),
- 29 Ministry of Higher Education, 101 Qasr el-'Aini St, Cairo, 11516, Egypt. Fax: +20 (0)2 2794 1005. The ministry owns Mīdān Za'ad Zaghlūl, 2 Sh. arīsniSa'u (2466656). (30° 2′ 15″ N 31° 14′ 5″ E),
|Key emergency numbers|
- 30Main post office, in the center of the town. Tel: +20 (0)2 2396 2537. Opened: Sa - Do 7:00 - 19:00, Fr + Holidays 7:00 - 12:00. (30° 3′ 0″ N 31° 14′ 56″ E),
The Cairo telephone code is 02 and +20 2 respectively. The telephone numbers are 8 digits and start with two. This also applies to the neighboring city of el-Gīza, only the telephone numbers start here with three.
Many hotels offer Wi-Fi internet access (WiFi), sometimes for a fee and sometimes in the lobby. Internet cafes and restaurants and cafés with Wi-Fi are also available throughout the city.
- pyramids and graves of the Memphian necropolis.
- Protected area of petrified forest at el-Ma'ādī.
- Coptic monasteries in the Wādī en-Natrained rūn (Sketis).